Mon, Apr 04, 2011 - Page 5 News List

FEATURE: Tattooed women in Myanmar lure curious travelers


An ethnic minority Chin woman with a facial tattoo is seen in the village of Panmyaung in Myanmar’s remote northwest on Feb. 8.

Photo: AFP

Ma Htwe recalled the day of agony she suffered more than five decades ago, when her face was etched with the intricate tattoo that still lines her papery skin like a spider’s web.

“When they tattooed my eyelids, I thought that they would disappear,” she said, chewing pensively on betel nut. “I wanted to run away.”

The 65-year-old was one of the last in her village to undergo the facial inking — once a rite of passage for young ethnic minority Chin women in the remote northwest of military-dominated Myanmar.

With the practice ceasing about two generations ago, Ma Htwe is among a smattering of women left alive who bear the tattoos. When they die, the ancient tradition will die with them.

In the meantime, the vanishing custom has turned her sleepy village, nestled on the banks of the Lemro River just outside Chin State, into a tourist attraction.

“These women are the last of their kind,” said Jens Uwe Parkitny, a German photographer and writer who has documented the tradition among different Chin groups over the past 10 years.

The ritual was officially banned by the then-socialist regime in the 1960s and the tattoos became increasingly rare as Christian missionaries converted the previously animist communities, Chin pastor Shwekey Hoipang said.

Soon the procedure stopped completely.

“The Chin girls do not want to get tattoos anymore, because they don’t feel this is beautiful decoration,” added Hoipang, who is currently studying in the UK.

According to one legend, the tattooing emerged as a way to “uglify” Chin women and protect them from predatory Burmese kings — but Parkitny is not convinced, given that the practice was once widespread in Asia.

“It is likely that the story was fabricated in more recent times by those representing a ‘civilized world’ view, which perceives a facial tattoo as defacing and ugly,” he said.

The women themselves say the marks were a stamp of womanhood and attractiveness: Ma Sein, another villager now aged 60, was just seven when she started to pester her parents for her own tattoo.

“I thought it was beautiful,” she said.

Little did she realize then that it would also prove lucrative.

A couple of hours downstream in the town of Mrauk U, tour guides now offer regular boat trips along the Lemro to visit the women’s isolated settlements.

Curious travelers are drawn to see the striking Chin faces as they are to the “long-necked” women of Myanmar’s ethnic Padaung tribe, so-called for their tradition of adorning and stretching female necks with brass rings.

Fascination with the Padaung, based both in Myanmar and across the border in Thailand, has generated income, but also an ethical debate: Critics denounce the ongoing restrictive practice and the phenomenon of “human zoos.”

However, while younger generations of Padaung women continue to wear the disfiguring brass rings to earn money by posing for photographs, Chin girls no longer go through their grandmothers’ painful tattooing experience.

Aware their days are numbered, the unusual-looking elders are embracing the outside interest in their lives, having struggled to get by on traditional income sources of farming and logging.

“Late in life they are using their unique and soon-to--disappear looks as a way of earning money for the betterment of their impoverished communities,” said Simon Richmond, a researcher for the Lonely Planet guidebook to Myanmar.

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